Our progress

Key figures on climate and energy

Climate-friendly transport by rail

View our key figures to see the progress we are making with regard to climate and energy. Because saving energy, keeping transport routes as short and efficient as possible, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions are our key objectives.

How we collect our data

The data for the key figures on climate, energy and transport are collected uniformly across the entire Migros Group using various tools. Invoices (direct invoices or utilities statements) and installed meters are the basis for data collection. In some cases, estimates are also made on the basis of empirical values using clearly defined methods. If necessary, the basic data is converted into the reported energy and emission values using standardised formulas. As data quality constantly improves over the years, this can also affect older data. Every year, we publish the best-quality data. 

In 2019, the scope of the Migros Group companies and sites included was adjusted in accordance with the SBTi objectives. The 2020 to 2022 values were calculated in part using extrapolations and planned values. 
Our figures can be converted into joules using the factor 1 kWh equals 3,600 kJ. 

What we have achieved so far 

  • Climate key figures 2023

    Our very best for climate protection...

    In accordance with the Paris Climate Agreement, we are committed to limiting global warming to 1.5°C. 

Climate

To determine our CO₂ emissions, we convert all relevant greenhouse gas emissions (GHG emissions) into CO₂ equivalents (CO₂ eq) in accordance with the Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol). The conversion of GHG emissions into CO₂ equivalents is based on the Global Warming Potential (GWP) according to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2013). It is based on over 100 years of data. The emission factors are primarily taken from the DETEC life cycle assessment database DQRv2:2022 (KBOB, ecobau and IPB 2022). For direct combustion emissions, we used the emission factors according to Switzerland’s greenhouse gas inventory (FOEN 2022) where available.

We submitted our target for the Science Based Target initiative (SBTi) in accordance with operational control. The starting point for our system boundaries is the consolidation scope (see Annual Report).

Emissions from our own operations (scope 1 & 2)   

  • Emissions by energy source

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    Emissions by energy source (Migros Group, scope 1 & 2)

    in thousand tonnes of CO₂eq 

    Change compared to previous year  

    2023 

    2022 

    2021

    2020

    2019

    Heat (scope 1) 1 

    -2.7% 

     89.0

    91.5

    102.4

    100.1

    105.5

    Fuels (scope 1) 2 

    0.4%

     25.5

    25.4

    26.2

    27.8

    29.9

    Refrigerant losses (scope 1) 

    -16.1%

     29.2

    34.8 

    30.7 

    33.4

    33.0

    Total scope 1 

    -5.3% 

     143.7

    151.7

    159.3

    161.3

    168.4

    Electricity (scope 2) 3,4 

    18.3% 

     8.4

    7.1

    6.0

    158.0

    168.5

    Total (scope 1 & 2) 

    -4.2% 

     152.1

    158.8 

    165.3

    319.3

    336.9

    1 Emissions from the purchase of district heating are included as scope 1.
    2 Owned vehicles (trucks, light commercial vehicles and cars).
    3 Emissions for electricity (scope 2) are reported on a market basis.
    4 From 2021, the entire Migros Group has committed to procuring only renewable electricity.

    • Biogenic emissions

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      Biogenic emissions are calculated using the same input data as for scope 1 & 2. This includes wood, biogas, biofuel and biodiesel

      Biogenic emissions (Migros Group)

      in tonnes of CO₂ eq  

      Change compared to previous year  

      2023 

      2022 

      2021 

      2020 

      2019 

      Biogenic emissions 

      2% 

       37,368

      36,632

      35,867

      34,816 

      33,081

      • Intensity of greenhouse gas emissions

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        To calculate the intensity quotient of GHG emissions, operational emissions (scope 1 & 2) are compared with sales (in CHF million). The emission values correspond to the chart “Emissions from operations (scope 1 & 2)” and also include category 8 of scope 3, as we apply the same rules for rented and owned space.

        Intensity of greenhouse gas emissions by business segment

        in tonnes of CO₂ eq per million of sales (CHF) 

        Change compared to previous year  

        2023 

        2022 

        2021 

        2020 

        2019 

        Cooperative retailing  

        -4.5% 

         4.4

        4.6 

        4.8 

        10.3

        11.6 

        Migros Industrie  

        -6.7% 

         9.0

        9.6  

        10.2

        16.6 

        17.7

        Commerce  

        -19% 

         2.1

        2.5 

        2.6 

        4.5 

        4.5 

        Migros Bank  

        -40% 

         0.5

        0.7

        0.8

        1.6

        1.7   

        Hotelplan Group  

        50% 

         0.6

        0.3

        0.7

        1.4

        0.9 

        Migros Group total  

        -9.3% 

         4.3

        4.7

        5.0

        9.7

        10.4

        • Emissions from refrigerants

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          Greenhouse gas potential from HFCs (Migros Group) 

          in tonnes of CO₂ eq  

          Change compared to previous year  

          2023 

          2022 

          2021 

          2020 

          2019 

          Cooperative retailing1 

          -15.5% 

           214,506

          253,705 

          290,225 

          240,215 

          264,597 

          Migros Industrie  

          -5.2% 

           25,825

          27,232

          33'12,

          37,053

          47,356

          Commerce2 

          -2.5% 

           79,247

          77,342 

          79,986 

          95'003

          100'350

          Migros bank

          -

          1,479

          -

          -

          -

          -

          Migros Group total  

          -10.4% 

           321,057

          358,279

          403,333

          372,270

          412,303

          1 Stores, leisure facilities, operations centres, distribution centres and the Federation of Migros Cooperatives. Since 2021 incl. tegut...
          2 Based on data from Denner (since 2021 incl. Denner Partner franchise concept) and Digitec Galaxus

          Emissions of ozone-depleting substances (Migros Group) 

          in tonnes of CFC-11 eq  

          Change compared to previous year  

          2023 

          2022 

          2021 

          2020 

          2019 

          Emissions of ozone-depleting substances1 

          -15.2%

           0.0117

          0.0136 

          0.0075 

          0.0071 

          0.0050 

          1 Consideration of KK_R22 and KK_R401A/B, converted into tonnes of CFC-11 eq. The conversion to tonnes of CFC-11 eq is based on the factors of the Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN 2019): “List of the most important substances and preparations that deplete the ozone layer, the import and export of which are subject to authorisation in accordance with Annex 1.4 ORRChem” or Annex 1 of the Montreal Protocol (as of May 2020). 

          • Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (scope 1 & 2)

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            Target: by the end of 2030, the Migros Group will reduce its greenhouse gas emissions in scope 1 & 2 by 70% compared to 2019.

            Scope of application  

            Status  

            KPI  

            2023 

            2022 

            2021 

            2020 

            Migros Group    

            not on track  

            Reduction of GHG emissions compared to 2019 in % 

             57.6%

            55.8% 

            51.6% 

            – 

            Commentary on the target status at the end of 2023:
            We did not manage to reach our interim target for reducing the entire Migros Group’s operational greenhouse gas emissions by the end of 2023. However, consistent implementation of the measures known to us for Scope 1 and 2 will get us back on track. Among other things, these measures include replacing company vehicles powered by fossil fuels with electric vehicles.

            Target: by the end of 2030, we will reduce our greenhouse gas emissions in cooperative retail trading by 80% compared to 2019 in our own operations and logistics.

            Scope of application 

            Status

            KPI

            2023

            2022

            2021

            2020

            Migros supermarkets, specialist stores, Migros restaurants, real estate of the Migros Cooperatives (e.g. shopping centres), operations centres, Migros Verteilbetrieb AG (MVB), Migros Online, Federation of Migros Cooperatives and the Migros Cooperatives’ own vehicles

            not on track

            Reduction of GHG emissions compared to 2019 in %

            64%

            63%

            60%

            -

            Comment on the target status at the end of 2023:
            The interim targets for 2023 were narrowly missed, mainly due to exceptional refrigerant losses (accidents).

            Emissions from upstream and downstream activities (scope 3) 

            We calculate the emissions in our supply chain (scope 3) in accordance with the requirements of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.

            The Migros Group has used 2019 as the reference year for its reduction targets up to 2030 and for the target of net zero by 2050. The values were calculated and checked in collaboration with an external expert office (Intep).

            In order to accurately measure our progress, we will adjust our baseline values in the event of a relevant change of +/-5%. The basis for this is the consolidation scope, which is reviewed annually. The first step is to check whether sales and purchases are significant on the basis of turnover (consolidated +/-5 per cent).

            In addition, the baseline value will also be adjusted if the following adjustments also lead to significant changes in the baseline value (threshold: from +/-5%):

            • errors are found in the data basis 

            • there are adjustments to the methodologies of the GHG Protocol 

            • there are adjustments to the calculation methods 

            • better basic data is available and data gaps have been closed 

            • we get better access to primary data

            • Overview of emissions by category (scope 3)

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              Emissions broken down by category in scope 3 (Migros Group)   

              No. 

              Category (according to GHG Protocol) 

              Emissions 2019 (in thousand tonnes of CO₂ eq) 

              Emissions 2023  (in thousand tonnes of CO₂ eq) 

              Change compared to 2019 

              Total goods and services purchased 

              11,723

              10,884

              -

              1.1 

              Greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture (FLAG) 

              5,559

              5,397

               -1.2%

              1.2 

              Non-agricultural greenhouse gas emissions (non-FLAG) 

              6,164

              5,486

              -

              Capital goods 

              384

               414

              -

              3. 

              Fuel- and energy-related activities 

              89

              50

              -

              Upstream transport and distribution 1) 

              336

              334

              4.1

              Of which under own responsibility 1)

              138

              138

              0%

              Operational waste 

              29

              27

              Business trips 

              5

              5

              -

              Commuter mobility 

              54

              57

              Rented space 2) 

              0

              Downstream transport and distribution 

              0

              0

              10 

              Further processing of sold goods 

              8

              8

              -

              11 

              Use of sold goods 4) 

              3,418

              2,803

              -18%

              12 

              End-of-life of sold products 

              571

              497

              -

              13 

              Leased assets 2)

              0

              0

              -

              14 

              Franchising 2) 

              0

              -

              15 

              Investments3) 

              10

              10

              -

              16 

              Total all categories 

              16,636

              15,100

              -

              1 To measure the annual interim targets, transportation under own responsibility and all air transportation are reported separately. Under "own responsibility" means that a Migros Group company acts as a freight payer. Emissions from transportation under third-party responsibility are estimated based on the product range and indirectly addressed through supplier engagement.
              2 Considered in Scope 1 & 2, which is why no value is shown here.
              3 It is not possible to calculate the financed issues from the lending business and the assets managed by Migros Bank for 2023. The necessary data will be compiled in 2024 and will be included in the disclosure as far as possible. Further information can be found in the Migros Bank Sustainability Report.

              • Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (scope 3)

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                Target: by the end of 2026, 67% of the Migros Group’s non-agricultural emissions (non-FLAG) from procured goods will be covered by science-based reduction targets set by our suppliers. 

                Scope of application  

                Status  

                KPI  

                2023 

                2022 

                2021 

                2020 

                Migros  Group   

                Share of emissions offset by suppliers with their own SBTi goals 

                26.5%

                – 

                – 

                – 

                Comment on the target status at the end of 2023:
                Due to the lack of quantitative targets, no status update is possible for 2023.


                Target: by the end of 2030, we will reduce the Migros Group’s absolute scope 3 emissions in the “Upstream transport & distribution” category by 27.5% compared to 2019.  

                Scope of application  

                Status  

                KPI  

                2023 

                2022 

                2021 

                2020 

                Migros  Group  

                – 

                Reduction of emissions in the defined categories compared to 2019 

                0%

                – 

                – 

                – 

                Comment on the target status at the end of 2023:
                To measure the annual interim targets, transport under own responsibility and all air transport are reported separately. Under "own responsibility" means that a Migros Group company acts as a freight payer. Emissions from transport under third-party responsibility are estimated on the basis of the product range and approached indirectly through the supplier commitment. Actual data was collected for the first time in 2023 and serves as a baseline for assessing target achievement. The final target of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 27.5% remains unchanged.


                Target: by the end of 2030, we will reduce the Migros Group’s absolute scope 3 emissions in the “Use of sold goods” category by 27.5% compared to 2019.    

                Scope of application  

                Status  

                KPI  

                2023 

                2022 

                2021 

                2020 

                Migros  Group  

                 on track

                Reduction of emissions in the defined categories compared to 2019 

                -18%

                – 

                – 

                – 


                Target: by the end of 2026, 75% of non-agricultural emissions (non-FLAG) from procured goods in cooperative retailing will be covered by the science-based reduction targets of our suppliers.  

                Scope of application  

                Status  

                KPI  

                2023 

                2022 

                2021 

                2020 

                Migros supermarkets and hypermarkets  

                 on track

                Share of emissions offset by suppliers with their own SBTi goals 

                 54.1%

                – 

                – 

                – 

                Comment on the target status at the end of 2023:
                Since 2023, according to the SBTi, supplier engagement targets may only be defined for non-agricultural emissions. As suppliers with agricultural emissions (FLAG) were also included in the evaluation until 2022, the proportion of covered emissions in 2023 has fallen slightly. However, target achievement is still on track, as more suppliers have committed to SBTi than in the previous year.

                An absolute SBTi target for agricultural emissions (Scope 3) was submitted in 2024 and will be published after the review.


                Target: by the end of 2030, we will reduce greenhouse gas emissions from upstream and distribution transportation in cooperative retailing by 59.3% compared to 2019. 

                Scope of application  

                Status  

                KPI  

                2023 

                2022 

                2021 

                2020 

                Migros supermarkets and hypermarkets (incl. Migros Online)   

                not on track

                Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from upstream and distribution transportation compared to 2019  

                 -1%

                – 

                – 

                – 

                Comment on the target status at the end of 2023:
                10% more air transportation, a sales-related increase in road transportation and higher emission factors led to an increase in transportation emissions compared to the previous year.

                Energy 

                How much energy do we consume every year? To determine this, we calculate our annual energy consumption by operating field and energy source. To calculate the energy intensity ratio, we compare our energy consumption with our sales. 

                • Energy consumption

                  Icon for opening or closing
                  Energy consumption by operating field (Migros Group, 2023) 

                  in k

                  Segment  

                  Electricity  

                  Heat 

                  Fuel  

                  Total  

                  Cooperative retailing 

                   

                  747.7 

                  205.5

                  115.7

                  1,068.9

                   

                  Branches  

                  463.6

                  81.6

                  545.2

                   

                  Leisure facilities  

                  59.6

                  49.1

                  108.7

                   

                  Logistics companies 

                  140.5

                  52.2

                  109.3

                  302

                   

                  Subsidiaries 

                  84.0 

                  22.6

                  6.4 

                  113.0

                  Migros Industrie  

                   

                  315.4

                  361.8

                  4.8 

                  682

                   

                  Micarna Group 

                  74.6

                  54.7

                  1.6

                  130.9

                   

                  Elsa Group  

                  54.9

                  88.7

                  0.3

                  143.9

                   

                  Fresh Food & Beverage Group  

                  105.4

                  153.9

                  2.3

                  261.6

                   

                  Delica 

                  64.2

                  43.2

                  0.6

                  108

                   

                  Mibelle Group  

                  16.3

                  21.3

                  0

                  37.6

                  Commerce  

                   

                  152.5

                  53

                  2.2

                  207.7

                   

                  Denner  

                  98.9

                  45.3

                  0.2

                  144.4

                   

                  Migrolino  

                  41.2

                  1.8

                  1.2

                  44.2

                   

                  Digitec Galaxus 

                  7.9

                  4.8

                  0

                  12.7

                   

                  Ex Libris  

                  0.3

                  0.5

                  0

                  0.8

                   

                  Migrol  

                  4.2

                  0.6

                  0.8 

                  5.6

                  Migros Bank   

                   

                  4.3 

                  3.6 

                  7.9

                  Hotelplan Group  

                   

                  2.9

                  2

                  2.1

                  7

                  Migros Group total 

                   

                  1,222.8

                  625.6

                  124.8

                  1,973.2

                  Energy consumption by type of energy source (Migros Group) 

                  in k

                  Change compared to previous year  

                  2023 

                  2022 

                  2021 

                  2020 

                  2019 

                  Non-renewable  

                  -4.5%

                  520

                  545

                  505

                  1,095

                  1,116

                  Renewable  

                  -0.5%

                  1,466

                  1,474 

                  1,430 

                  839

                  882

                  Not itemised 

                  -100%

                  – 

                  1

                  111 

                  102 

                  108 

                  Energy transfer to third parties  

                  -0.3%

                  -14

                  -14 

                  -17 

                  -17 

                  -18 

                  Total energy consumption  

                  -1.6%

                  1,973

                  2,006 

                  2,028 

                  2,017

                  2,087 

                  There is no exact data on the itemisation into non-renewable and renewable energy sources before 2021. 

                  Energy consumption by energy source and fuel (Migros Group) 

                  in k

                   

                  Change compared to previous year  

                  2023 

                  2022 

                  2021 

                  2020 

                  2019 

                  Total heating  

                   

                  -1.3% 

                  626

                  634

                  680

                  657

                  685

                   

                  Oil (non-renewable) 

                  30.8% 

                  51

                  39 

                  23 

                  18 

                  22

                   

                  Gas (non-renewable) 

                  -7.9% 

                  302

                  328

                  299 

                  306

                  321 

                   

                  Wood (renewable) 

                  -1.8% 

                  109

                  111 

                  108 

                  109 

                  108 

                   

                  Biogas (renewable) 

                  -78.6% 

                  0.3

                  1.4 

                  0.8 

                  – 

                  – 

                   

                  Remaining renewable heating  

                  25

                  20

                  16 

                  1.0 

                  1.0

                  1.0  

                   

                  Renewable district heating 

                  6%

                  89

                  84

                  78

                  66 

                  71 

                   

                  Non-renewable district heating 

                  0% 

                  66.5

                  67

                  62 

                  70 

                  71 

                   

                  Heat transfer to third parties 

                  9% 

                  -12

                  -11 

                  -15 

                  -16 

                  -17 

                   

                  Heating procurement in stores (historical) 

                  -100% 

                  0

                  0.9

                  111

                  102

                  108 

                  Electricity total  

                   

                  -1.9% 

                  1,222

                  1,246

                  1,221 

                  1,236 

                  1,273 

                   

                  Renewable procurement  

                  -1.1% 

                  1,219

                  1,233

                  1,215

                  637 

                  680 

                   

                  Non-renewable procurement  

                  -68.8% 

                  5

                  16

                  8

                  600

                  594 

                   

                  Own production output 

                  -37% 

                  -1.7

                  -2.7 

                  -1.7 

                  -1.1 

                  -1

                  Total fuel  

                   

                  1.6% 

                  124

                  122 

                  126 

                  126 

                  131 

                   

                  Petrol (non-renewable) 

                  33.3% 

                  4.4

                  3.3 

                  3.0 

                  2.1 

                  2.3

                   

                  Diesel (non-renewable) 

                  -1.1% 

                  90

                  91 

                  96 

                  98 

                  106 

                   

                  Natural gas (non-renewable)  

                  566.7

                  0.4

                  0.06 

                  0.4 

                  0.6 

                  0.5 

                   

                  Biogas (renewable) 

                  55.6% 

                  4.2

                  2.7 

                  2.1 

                  0.8 

                  0.4 

                   

                  Biodiesel (renewable)  

                  0% 

                  23

                  23 

                  23 

                  23 

                  20 

                   

                  Hydrogen (renewable)  

                  0% 

                  1.6

                  1.6 

                  1.6 

                  1.6 

                  1.6 

                  The values for electricity and heat also include cooling energy and steam. Our annual electricity production is around 10 GWh. 

                  • Reduction of energy consumption

                    Icon for opening or closing

                    Target: by the end of 2030, we will reduce our energy procurement by 10% compared to 2019. 

                    Scope of application  

                    Status  

                    KPI  

                    2023 

                    2022 

                    2021 

                    2020 

                    Migros supermarkets, specialist stores, Migros restaurants, real estate of the Migros Cooperatives (e.g. shopping centres), operations centres, Migros Verteilbetrieb AG (MVB), Migros Online, Federation of Migros Cooperatives and the Migros Cooperatives’ own vehicles 

                    on track  

                    Reduction of energy consumption compared to 2019 in %  

                     8.6%

                    7% 

                    6% 

                     – 

                    Comment on the target status at the end of 2023:

                    • The interim target for 2023 (-4.1% energy use) was exceeded thanks in particular to the consistent implementation of the efficiency principles and an ambitious photovoltaic strategy.

                    • Energy intensity

                      Icon for opening or closing

                      To calculate the energy intensity ratio, energy consumption (according to the “Energy consumption by operating field” table) is compared with sales (in CHF million). The quotient only takes into account energy consumption within the organisation. The comparability of the data for the Migros Group with other retail companies is not specified due to the differing operating fields. 

                      Energy intensity by operating field 

                      in MWh per million (CHF) in sales 

                      Change compared to previous year  

                      2023 

                      2022 

                      2021 

                      2020 

                      2019 

                      Cooperative retailing  

                      -4.6% 

                      60.1

                      63.0

                       62.1

                       62.1

                       69.1

                      Migros Industrie  

                      -6.3% 

                      111.8

                      119.3

                      122.2

                      114.4 

                      117.4 

                      Commerce  

                      -1.3% 

                      23.5

                      23.8 

                      25.7

                      26.9

                      26.3 

                      Migros Bank   

                      -36.7% 

                      6.2

                      9.8

                      10.9

                      10.8

                      11.7

                      Hotelplan Group

                      -7.0%

                      4.0

                      4.3

                      9.2

                      8.5

                      5.5

                      Migros Group total  

                      -6.1% 

                      55.3

                      58.9

                      61.3

                      61.2

                      64.1

                      • Own photovoltaic plants

                        Icon for opening or closing
                        Output from photovoltaic plants (Migros Group) 

                        in kilowatt peak   

                        Change compared to previous year  

                        2023 

                        2022 

                        2021 

                        2020 

                        2019 

                        Installed capacity  

                        2.1% 

                         43,353

                        42,454

                        38,606

                        35,690 

                        32,506 

                        Transport 

                        Rail transport has a much better CO footprint than transport by road. That is why we use rail transport whenever possible. In order to make road transport as environmentally friendly as possible, our ten regional cooperatives have their own fleets of low-emission vehicles – most of the 500 trucks comply with the latest EURO-6 emissions standard, as we want to continuously reduce our CO emissions. 

                        • Transport of goods by rail

                          Icon for opening or closing
                          Transport of goods by rail (Migros Group) 

                          in million km 

                          2023 

                          2022 

                          2021 

                          2020 

                          2019 

                          Rail transportation (domestic transport only)

                           12.1

                          13.0 

                          13.3 

                          14.5 

                          14.2 

                          Change compared to previous year

                          -6.9%

                          -2.1%

                          -8.5%

                          2.6%

                          2.9%

                          In the 2023 reporting year, fewer goods were transported by rail than in 2022. This is due to the temporary closure of the route on the north-south axis (Gotthard Base Tunnel) and the shift of combined freight traffic to the road.

                          • Transport with our own fleet of trucks

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                            Nitrogen oxide and particulate matter emissions from our own goods transport by truck (Migros Group) 

                            in tonnes   

                            Change compared to previous year  

                            2023 

                            2022 

                            2021 

                            2020 

                            2019 

                            Nitrogen oxide emissions   

                            -6% 

                             15.7

                            16.7 

                            19.1 

                            21.6

                            25.6

                            Particulate matter emissions  

                            -7.1% 

                             0.13

                            0.14 

                            0.18 

                            0.22 

                            0.29 

                            Nitrogen oxide and particulate matter emissions are calculated on the basis of mileage in accordance with the performance-related heavy vehicle tax (HVC) and the limit values per EURO standard. For other pollutants (SOx, persistent organic pollutants, volatile organic compounds and other hazardous air pollutants), the limit values are not applicable to all EURO standards. These are therefore not shown. Only the Migros cooperatives and the national distribution centres have their own truck fleets.    

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